Foremilk and hindmilk

For all mums, breastmilk production changes throughout each feed. At the start of a feed, there is a large volume of milk, flowing quickly, and there are lots of carbohydrates and proteins in the milk, but relatively less fat, the so-called ‘foremilk’. This is very valuable and essential for your baby. As the feed goes on, the volume of the milk slowly decreases but the fat content increases, so it becomes thick and rich, the so-called ‘hindmilk’. This small volume of rich fatty milk is also very important, helping your baby feel full and satisfied.

Breastmilk production also varies throughout the day and night. Night-time breastfeeds make more milk, so in the morning, your breasts feel full, and when your baby feeds, he gets a large volume of milk. As the day goes on, smaller volumes of milk are made. Most babies feed much more often in the evenings, ‘cluster feeding’, getting small volumes of rich fatty milk each time and finally settling to sleep, so that the whole cycle can start again when you go to sleep too.